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Publications



2014 Johnson, G.C., and J.M. Lyman 2014: Where's the heat?. Nature Climate Change, doi: 10.1038/nclimate2409.

2014 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, G. S. E. Lagerloef, and H.-Y. Kao. 2014. Global Oceans: Sea Surface Salinity. In State of the Climate in 2013, Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 7, S60-S62, doi:10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

2014 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, T. Boyer, J. Antonov, S. A. Good, C. M. Domingues, and N. Bindoff. 2014. Global Oceans: Ocean Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2013, Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 95, 7, S54-S57, doi:10.1175/2014BAMSStateoftheClimate.1

2014 Kelly, K.A., L. Thompson, and J. Lyman 2014: The coherence and impact of meridional heat transport anomalies in the Atlantic Ocean inferred from observation. J. Climate, 27, doi: 10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00131.1, 1469-1487.

2014 Lyman, J. M. and G. C. Johnson. 2014. Estimating global ocean heat content changes in the upper 1800 m since 1950 and the influence of climatology choice. Journal of Climate, 27, 1946-1958, doi:10.1175/ JCLI-D-12-00752.1.

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2013 Abraham, J. P., M. Baringer, N. L. Bindoff, T. Boyer, L. J. Cheng, J. A. Church, J. L. Conroy, C. M. Domingues, J. T. Fasullo, J. Gilson, G. Goni, S. A. Good, J. M. Gorman, V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, S. Kizu, J. M. Lyman, A. M. Macdonald, W.J. Minkowycz, S. E. Moffitt, M. D. Palmer, A. R. Piola, F. Reseghetti, K. Schuckmann, K. E. Trenberth, I. Velicogna, and J. K. Willis., 2013. A review of global ocean temperature observations: Implications for ocean heat content estimates and climate change. Reviews of Geophysics, 51, 450-483, doi:10.1002/rog20022.

2013 Johnson, G. C., and D. P. Chambers. 2013. Ocean bottom pressure seasonal cycles and decadal trends from GRACE Release-05: Ocean circulation implications. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 4228-4240, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20307.

2013 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, G. S. E. Lagerloef, and H.-Y. Kao. 2013. Global Oceans: Sea Surface Salinity. In State of the Climate in 2012, Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 8, S57-S60, doi:10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

2013 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, S. Levitus, T. Boyer, J. Antonov, S. A. Good, C. M. Domingues, S. Wijffels, and N. Bindoff. 2013. Global Oceans: Ocean Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2012, Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 8, S50-S53, doi:10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

2013 Johnson, G. C. and S. G. Purkey. 2013. Global Oceans: Slow-Down of the Lower, Southern Limb of the Meridonal Overturning Circulation in Recent Decades. In State of the Climate in 2012, Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 94, 8, S68-S69, doi:10.1175/2013BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

2013 Lumpkin, R., and G. C. Johnson. 2013. Global ocean surface velocities from drifters: Mean, variance, ENSO response, and seasonal cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 2992-3006, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20210.

2013 Otto, A., F. E. L. Otto, O. Boucher, J. Church, G. Hegerl, P. M. Forster, N. P. Gillett, J. Gregory, G. C. Johnson, R. Knutti, N. Lewis, U. Lohmann, J. Marotzke, G. Myhre, D. Shindell, B. Stevens, and M. R. Allen. 2013. Energy budget constraints on climate response. Nature Geoscience, 6, 415-416, doi:10.1038/ngeo1836.

2013 Purkey, S. G., and G. C. Johnson. 2013. Antarctic Bottom Water warming and freshening: Contributions to sea level rise, ocean freshwater budgets, and global heat gain. Journal of Climate, 26, 6105-6122, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-12-00834.1.

2013 Schmidtko, S., G. C. Johnson, and J. M. Lyman. 2013. MIMOC: A global monthly isopycnal upper-ocean climatology with mixed layers. Journal of Geophysical Research, 118, 1658-1672, doi:10.1002/jgrc.20122.

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2012 Johnson, G. C., and J. M. Lyman. 2012. Global Oceans: Sea Surface Salinity. In State of the Climate in 2011, Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 7, S68-S69,S72, doi:10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

2012 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, S. Levitus, T. Boyer, J. Antonov, and S. A. Good. 2012. Global Oceans: Ocean Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2011, Blunden, J., and D. S. Arndt, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 93, 7, S62-S65, doi:10.1175/2012BAMSStateoftheClimate.1.

2012 Johnson, G. C., S. Schmidtko, and J. M. Lyman. 2012. Relative contributions of temperature and salinity to seasonal mixed layer density changes and horizontal density gradients. Journal of Geophysical Research, in press, doi:10.1029/2011JC007651.

2012 Karnauskas, K. B., G. C. Johnson, and R. Murtugudde. 2012. An equatorial ocean bottleneck in global climate models. Journal of Climate, 25, 243-249, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00059.1.

2012 Loeb, N. G., J. M. Lyman, G. C. Johnson, D. R. Doelling, T. Wong, R. P. Allan, B. J. Soden, and G. L. Stephens. 2012. Observed changes in top-of-the-atmosphere radiation and upper-ocean heating consistent within uncertainty. Nature Geoscience, 5, 110-113, doi:10.1038/ngeo1375.

2012 Purkey, S. G., and G. C. Johnson. 2012. Global contraction of Antarctic Bottom Water between the 1980s and 2000s. Journal of Climate, in press, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00612.1.

2012 Schmidtko, S., and G. C. Johnson. 2012. Multi-decadal warming and shoaling of Antarctic Intermediate Water. Journal of Climate, 25, 207-221, doi:10.1175/JCLI-D-11-00021.1.

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2011 Johnson, G. C. 2011. Deep signatures of southern tropical Indian Ocean annual Rossby waves. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 41, 1958-1964, doi:10.1175/JPO-D-11-029.1.

2011 Johnson, G. C., and J. M. Lyman. 2011. Global Oceans: Sea Surface Salinity. In State of the Climate in 2010, Blunden, J., D. S. Arndt, and M. O. Baringer, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 6, S86-S88, doi:10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1

2011 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, S. Levitus, T. Boyer, J. Antonov, M. D. Palmer, and S. A. Good. 2011. Global Oceans: Ocean Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2010, Blunden, J., D. S. Arndt, and M. O. Baringer, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 92, 6, S81-S84, doi:10.1175/1520-0477-92.6.S1.

2011 Johnson, G. C., and S. E. Wijffels. 2011. Ocean density change contributions to sea level rise. Oceanography, 24(2), 112-121, doi:10.5670/oceanog.2011.31.

2011 Lyman, J. M., 2011: Estimating global energy flow from the global upper ocean. Surv. Geophys., doi:10.1007/s10712-011-9167-6.

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2010 Garzoli, S. L., O. Boebel, H. Bryden, R. A. Fine, M. Fukasawa, S. Gladyshev, G. Johnson, M. Johnson, A. MacDonald, C. S. Meinen, H. Mercier, A. Orsi, A. Piola, S. Rintoul, S. Speich, M. Visbeck, and R. Wanninkhof. 2010. Progressing Towards Global Sustained Deep Ocean Observations. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2) Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.34.

2010 Gruber, N., S. C. Doney, S. R. Emerson, D. Gilbert, T. Kobayashi, A. Kortzinger, G. C. Johnson, K. S. Johnson, S. C. Riser, and O. Ulloa. 2010. Adding Oxygen to Argo: Developing a Global in-situ Observatory for Ocean Deoxygenation and Biogeochemistry. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.39.

2010 Hood, M., M. Fukasawa, N. Gruber, G. C. Johnson, A. Kortzinger, C. S. Sabine, B. Sloyan, K. Stansfield, and T. Tanhua. 2010. Ship-Based Repeat Hydrography: A Strategy for a Sustained Global Program. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.44.

2010 Johnson, G. C., and J. M. Lyman. 2010. Global Oceans: Sea Surface Salinity. In State of the Climate in 2009. , D. S. Arndt, M. O. Baringer, and M. R. Johnson, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 7, S63-S64, doi:10.1175/BAMS-91-7-StateoftheClimate.

2010 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, S. Levitus, T. Boyer, J. Antonov, M. D. Palmer, and S. A. Good. 2010. Global Oceans: Ocean Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2009. , D. S. Arndt, M. O. Baringer, and M. R. Johnson, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 7, S56-S59, doi:10.1175/BAMS-91-7-StateoftheClimate.

2010 Johnson, G. C. and K. E. McTaggart. 2010. Equatorial Pacific 13°C Water eddies in the eastern subtropical South Pacific Ocean. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 40, 226-236, doi:10.1175/2009JPO4287.1.

2010 Lyman, J. M., S. A. Good, V. V. Gouretski, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, M. D. Palmer, D. A. Smith, and J. K. Willis. 2010. Robust warming of the global upper ocean. Nature, 465, 334-337, doi:10.1038/nature09043.

2010 Palmer, M. D., J. Antonov, P. Barker, N. Bindoff, T. Boyer, M. Carson, C. M. Domingues, S. Gille, P. Gleckler, S. Good, V. Gouretski, S. Guinehut, K. Haines, D. E. Harrison, M. Ishii, G. C. Johnson, S. Levitus, M. S. Lozier, J. M. Lyman, A. Meijers, K. von Shuckmann, D. Smith, S. Wijffels, and J. Willis. 2010. Future Observations for Monitoring Global Ocean Heat Content. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 2) Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.cwp.68.

2010 Palmer, M.D., K. Haines and J. M. Lyman. 2010. Global Oceans: Recent advances in our understanding of Global ocean heat. In State of the Climate in 2009. , D. S. Arndt, M. O. Baringer, and M. R. Johnson, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 91, 7, S59-S60, doi:10.1175/BAMS-91-7-StateoftheClimate.

2010 Purkey, S. G., and G. C. Johnson. 2010. Warming of global abyssal and deep Southern Ocean waters Between the 1990s and 2000s: Contributions to global heat and sea level rise budgets, in press, doi:10.1175/2010JCLI3682.1.

2010 Rintoul, S. R., M. Balmeseda, S. Cunningham, B. Dushaw, S. Garzoli, A. Gordon, P. Heimbach, M. Hood, G. Johnson, M. Latif, U. Send, C. Shum, S. Speich, and D. Stammer. 2010. Deep Circulation and Meridional Overturning: Recent Progress and a Strategy for Sustained Observations. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.32.

2010 Send, U., P. Burkill, N. Gruber, G. C. Johnson, A. Kortzinger, T. Koslow, R. O'Dor, S. Rintoul, and D. Roemmich. 2010. Towards an Integrated Global Observing System: In-Situ Observations. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.35.

2010 Wijffels, S. E., M. Palmer, N. Raynor, G. Goni, S. Garzoli, G. C. Johnson, J. Willis, B. Dushaw, D. Roemmich, J. Church, and G. Meyers. 2010. Progress and Challenges in Monitoring Ocean Temperature and Heat Content. In Proceedings of the "OceanObs'09: Sustained Ocean Observations and Information for Society" Conference (Vol. 1), Venice, Italy, 21-25 September 2009, Hall, J., D.E. Harrison, and D. Stammer, Eds., ESA Publication WPP-306, doi:10.5270/OceanObs09.pp.40.

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2009 Johnson, G. C., and J. M. Lyman. 2009. Global Oceans: Sea Surface Salinity. In State of the Climate in 2008. , T. C. Peterson and M. O. Baringer, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 8, S56-S57, doi:10.1175/BAMS-90-8-StateoftheClimate.

2009 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, J. K. Willis, S. Levitus, T. Boyer, J. Antonov, C. Schmid, and G. J. Goni, 2009. Global Oceans: Ocean Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2008. , T. C. Peterson and M. O. Baringer, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 90, 8, S49-S52, doi:10.1175/BAMS-90-8-StateoftheClimate.

2009 Johnson, G. C., and S. G. Purkey. 2009. Deep Caribbean Sea warming. Deep-Sea Research I, 56, 827-834, doi:10.1016/j.dsr.2008.12.011.

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2008 Johnson, G. C. 2008. Quantifying Antarctic Bottom Water and North Atlantic Deep Water Volumes. Journal of Geophysical Research, 113, C05027, doi:10.1029/2007JC004477.

2008 Johnson, G. C., and J. M. Lyman. 2008. Global Oceans: Sea Surface Salinity. In State of the Climate in 2007. , D. H. Levinson and J. H. Lawrimore, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89, 7, S45-S47, doi:10.1175/BAMS-89-7-StateoftheClimate.

2008 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, and J. K. Willis. 2008. Global Oceans: Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2007. , D. H. Levinson and J. H. Lawrimore, Eds., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 89, 7, S39-S41, doi:10.1175/BAMS-89-7-StateoftheClimate.

2008 Johnson, G. C., S. G. Purkey, and J. L. Bullister. 2008. Warming and freshening in the abyssal southeastern Indian Ocean. Journal of Climate, 21, 5351-5363, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2384.1.

2008 Johnson, G. C., S. G. Purkey, and J. M. Toole. 2008. Reduced Antarctic meridional overturning circulation reaches the North Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L22601, doi:10.1029/2008GL035619..

2008 Lyman, J. M. and G. C. Johnson. 2008. Estimating global upper ocean heat content despite irregular sampling. Journal of Climate, 21, 5629-5641, doi:10.1175/2008JCLI2259.1.

2008 Meredith, M. P., A. C. Naveira Garabato, A. L. Gordon, and G. C. Johnson. 2008. Evolution of the deep and bottom waters of the Scotia Sea, Southern Ocean, during 1995-2005. Journal of Climate, 21,3327-3343, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI2238.1.

2008 Willis, J. K., J. M. Lyman, J. M., G. C. Johnson, and J. Gilson. 2008. In situ data biases and recent ocean heat content variability. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, in press, doi:10.1175/2008JTECHO608.1.

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2007 Johnson, G. C., and J. M. Lyman. 2007. Global Oceans: Sea Surface Salinity. In State of the Climate in 2006, A. Arguez, Ed., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88, 6, S34-S35.

2007 Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, and J. K. Willis. 2007. Global Oceans: Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2006, A. Arguez, Ed., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 88, 6, S31-S33.

2007 Johnson, G. C., S. Mecking, B. M. Sloyan, and S. E. Wijffels. 2007. Recent bottom water warming in the Pacific Ocean. Journal of Climate, 20, 5365-5375, doi:10.1175/2007JCLI1879.1.

2007 Willis, J. K., J. M. Lyman, G. C. Johnson, and J. Gilson. 2007. Correction to "Recent cooling of the upper ocean". Geophysical Research Letters, 34, L16601, doi:10.1029/2007GL030323.

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2006 Johnson, G. C. and S. C. Doney. 2006. Recent western South Atlantic bottom water warming. ,Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L14614, doi:10.1029/2006GL026769. see also: Johnson, G. C. and S. C. Doney. 2006. Correction to "Recent western South Atlantic bottom water warming". Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L21604, doi:10.1029/2006GL028294.

2006  Johnson, G. C., J. M. Lyman, and J. K. Willis, 2006. Global Oceans: Heat Content. In State of the Climate in 2005, K.A. Shein, Ed., Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 87, 6, S23-S24.

2006 Lyman, J. M., J. K. Willis, and G. C. Johnson, 2006. Recent cooling of the upper ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 33, L18604, doi:10.1029/2006GL027033.

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2005 Johnson, G. C., J. L. Bullister, and N. Gruber. 2005. Labrador Sea Water property variations in the northeastern Atlantic Ocean. Geophysical Research Letters, 32, L07602, doi:10.1029/2005GL022404.

2005 Wirts, A. E. and G. C. Johnson. 2005. Recent interannual upper ocean variability in the deep southeast Bering Sea. Journal of Marine Research, 63, 381-405, doi:10.1357/0022240053693725.

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2003 Wong, A. P. S., G. C. Johnson, and W. B. Owens. 2003. Delayed-mode calibration of autonomous CTD profiling float salinity data by theta-S climatology. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 20, 308-318, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(2003)020<0308:DMCOAC>2.0.CO;2.

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2002 Johnson, G. C., B. M. Sloyan, W. S. Kessler, and K. E. McTaggart. 2002. Direct measurements of upper ocean currents and water properties across the tropical Pacific Ocean during the 1990's. Progress in Oceanography, 52, 31-61, doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(02) 00021-6.

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2001 Johnson, G. C., P. E. Robbins, and G. E. Hufford. 2001. Systematic Adjustments of Hydrographic Sections for Internal Consistency. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 18, 1234-1244, doi:10.1175/1520-0426 (2001 018<1234:SAOHSF>2.0.CO;2.

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2000 Johnson, G. C., M. J. McPhaden, G. D. Rowe, and K. E. McTaggart. 2000. Upper equatorial Pacific Ocean current and salinity variability during the 1996-1998 El Niño - La Niña cycle. Journal of Geophysical Research, 105, 1037-1053, doi:10.1029/1999JC900280.

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1999 Orsi, A. H., G. C. Johnson, and J. L. Bullister. 1999. Circulation, mixing, and production of Antarctic Bottom Water. Progress in Oceanography, 43, 55-109, doi:10.1016/S0079-6611(99)00004-X.

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1997 Johnson, G. C. and A. H. Orsi. 1997. Southwest Pacific Ocean water-mass changes between 1968/69 and 1990/91. Journal of Climate, 10, 306-316, doi:10.1175/1520-0442(1997)010<0306:SPOWMC>2.0.CO;2.

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1995 Johnson, G. C. 1995. Revised XCTD fall-rate equations coefficients from CTD data. Journal of Atmospheric and Oceanic Technology, 12, 1367-1373, doi:10.1175/1520-0426(1995)012<1367:RXFREC>2.0.CO;2.

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1994 Johnson, G. C., D. L. Rudnick, and B. A. Taft. 1994. Bottom water variability in the Samoa Passage. Journal of Marine Research, 52, 177-196, doi:10.1357/0022240943077118.